The Holy Spirit, part 1 [sermon recap]

The following is a recap and outline of the first sermon in our series on The Holy Spirit.

Begin with our Statement of Faith and Confession on the Trinity:

“We believe in one God, eternally existing in three equally divine Persons: the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit, who know, love, and glorify one another” (Redeemer Bible Church Statement of Faith and Confession, paragraph 1).

“The doctrine that God eternally exists as three persons—Father, Son, and Holy Spirit—and each person is fully God, and there is one God” (Wayne Grudem, Systematic Theology, p.1256).

The Holy Spirit is Fully God. 

Two Scriptural Examples (New Testament):

  • The baptismal formula in Jesus’ Great Commission —
    And Jesus came and said to them, “All authority in heaven and on earth has been given to me. 19 Go therefore and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit, 20 teaching them to observe all that I have commanded you. And behold, I am with you always, to the end of the age.” (Matt 28:18–20).
    **The Greek word for “name” is singular; it is not “names” of the Father, Son, and Spirit, but the “name” (singular) of the three persons.
  • Ananias & Sapphira : To lie to the Holy Spirit is to lie to God —
    But Peter said, “Ananias, why has Satan filled your heart to lie to the Holy Spirit and to keep back for yourself part of the proceeds of the land? 4 While it remained unsold, did it not remain your own? And after it was sold, was it not at your disposal? Why is it that you have contrived this deed in your heart? You have not lied to man but to God.” (Acts 5:3–4).

The Holy Spirit is a Person. 

He is not an impersonal force, but is a person and does what only persons can do.

i. The Spirit teaches —

John 14:26 — “the Helper, the Holy Spirit, whom the Father will send in my name, he will teach you all things and bring to your remembrance all that I have said to you.

ii. The Spirit speaks —

Acts 8:29 — “the Spirit said to Philip, ‘Go over and join this chariot.’

Acts 13:2 — “While they were worshiping the Lord and fasting, the Holy Spirit said, ‘Set apart for me Barnabas and Saul for the work to which I have called them.’”

iii. The Spirit can be grieved.

Ephesians 4:30 — “do not grieve the Holy Spirit of God, by whom you were sealed for the day of redemption.”

iv. The Spirit can be angered.

Hebrews 10:29 — “How much worse punishment, do you think, will be deserved by the one who has . . . outraged the Spirit of grace?”

v. The Spirit can be lied to.

Acts 5:3, 4 — “why has Satan filled your heart to lie to the Holy Spirit? . . . You have not lied to men but to God‘”

vi. The Spirit helps us, intercedes for us, and has a mind.

Romans 8:26-27 — “the Spirit helps us in our weakness. For we do not know what to pray for as we ought, but the Spirit himself intercedes for us with groanings too deep for words. And he who searches hearts knows what is the mind of the Spirit, because the Spirit intercedes for the saints according to the will of God.”

vii. The Spirit bears witness to Christ.

John 15:26 — “But when the Helper comes, whom I will send to you from the Father, the Spirit of truth, who proceeds from the Father, he will bear witness about me.

viii. The Spirit glorifies Christ, takes what is Christ, and declares it to believers.

John 16:14 — “He will glorify me, for he will take what is mine and declare it to you.”

These are not done by an impersonal force but by a person.

“Throughout history people have had a hard time believing that the person, Jesus Christ, is God… The reverse often seems to be the case when it comes to the Holy Spirit. Many readily acknowledge that the Holy Spirit is God. The error that many make is that they don’t grasp that He is a person.”

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